Further Reading

From: The Encyclopedia of Canada's Peoples/Aboriginals: Metis/Olive P. Dickason

The widest-ranging study is still Marcel Giraud’s Le Métis canadien (Paris, 1945), which remains useful despite some dated views. In English, it is The Métis in the Canadian West (Edmonton, 1986). A recent overview of the Red River Metis is by Gerhard J. Ens, Homeland to Hinterland: The Changing Worlds of the Red River Metis in the Nineteenth Century (Toronto, 1996). A work of broader interest than its title indicates is Diane Payment, “The Free People – Otipemisiwak” Batoche, Saskatchewan, 1870–1930 (Ottawa, 1990). Her detailed description of Metis life applies to more of the western plains than just Saskatchewan.

Two useful collections of essays on various aspects of the Metis are Jacqueline Peterson and Jennifer S.H. Brown, eds., The New Peoples: Being and Becoming Métis in North America (Winnipeg, 1985); and F. Laurie Barron and James B. Waldram, eds., 1885 and After (Regina, 1986).

Maggie Siggins, Riel: A Life of Revolution (Toronto, 1994), casts a sympathetic light on the controversial Metis leader. The most detailed study of the 1885 troubles, ranging through a wide variety of both contemporary and recent sources, is Bob Beal and Rod Macleod, Prairie Fire (Edmonton, 1984). Murray Dobbin takes a perceptive look at the Metis caught in the economic and political stresses of the 1930s and 1940s in The One-and-a-Half Men (Vancouver, 1981). On the literary front, an anthology that contains some examples of Metis writing is Agnes Grant, ed., Our Bit of Truth (Winnipeg, 1992). For current information, The Métis Nation, newsletter of the Metis National Council, Ottawa, is helpful.