Further Reading

From: The Encyclopedia of Canada's Peoples/Czechs/Marek J. Jovanovic

There are few scholarly works on the Czechs in Canada in either Czech or English. The principal works in the field are John Gellner and John Smerek’s largely Slovak-oriented The Czechs and Slovaks in Canada (Toronto, 1968) and Mario Hikl’s A Short History of the Czechoslovak People in Canada (1953). More limited material exists in R. Nekola and E. Ash, eds., A Gem for the Canadian Mosaic: Pictures of the Life and Work of Canadians of Czechoslovak Origin (Scarborough, Ont., 1957), and in Karel Bliíek, ed., Pamatnik 2eskoslovenské Kanady (Czechoslovak Canadian Memorial; Winnipeg, 1963).

Various recent biographies are useful, including Miroslav Ivanov’s biography of JiÒí 2orna, 2 ech v Kanad¬ (A Czech in Canada; Prague, 1994), and readers are also referred to Thomas J. Bata’s (with Sonja Sinclair) autobiography, Bata: Shoemaker to the World (Toronto, 1990). More topic-specific works include Jarmila Horná’s Alberta’s Pioneers from Eastern Europe: The Story of Antony (Tonek) Sle ina (Calgary, 1979) and “The Entrance Status of Czech and Slovak Women,” in J. Elliot’s Two Nations, Many Cultures: Ethnic Groups in Canada (Scarborough, 1979). The former contains a lengthy transcript of Antony Sleíina’s oral autobiography which chronicles the experiences of a Czech immigrant to Canada during the inter-war period, and the latter is a short statistical study of the dilemma of underemployment faced by Czech and Slovak, post–World War II, immigrant women. Also noteworthy is Donald Wilmott’s “Ethnic Solidarity in the Esterhazy Area, 1882–1940,” in M.L. Kovacs, Ethnic Communities: Culture and Education (Regina, 1978).

Statistical information on immigration, language, occupation, and government policy is considerable. Major sources include: Department of Statistics: Censuses 1900–96, Department of Manpower and Immigration: Annual Reports 1960–80, Dominion Bureau of Statistics/Statistics Canada Yearbooks, 1870–1996, and the Settlement and Colonization Canada: Annual Reports, 1924–40. There are also little treasure troves of information to be found in the archives of various federal ministries, including those of the departments of Immigration, Mining, Labour, and Defence. These archival materials, while sporadic and incomplete, shed much light on the settlement, refugee selection, army recruitment, and even political involvement of the Czechs in Canada.

Two bibliographies contain materials on the Czechs in Canada: Esther Jerabek, Czechs and Slovaks in North America: A Bibliography (New York, 1976); and J.G. h kvor and Nikolai ~ ekulin, “Czech-Canadian Periodical Publishers: A Preliminary Checklist,” Canadian Ethnic Studies, vol.1 (1969) and vol.5, nos.1–2 (1973), 3–5, 31–33. These works may be supplemented by the sections on Czechs in Andrew Gregorovich, A Bibliography of Canada’s Peoples, Supplement 1: 1972–1979, Gabriele Scar-dellato, ed. (Toronto, 1993), 148–51; and Renée Rogers and Gabriele Scardellato, A Bibliography of Canada’s Peoples 1980–1989, Part 2: Group Entries (Toronto, forthcoming), 270.