Further Reading

From: The Encyclopedia of Canada's Peoples/Dutch/Herman Ganzevoort

The standard older history of the Netherlands is Petrus J. Blok, The History of the People of the Netherlands, 5 vols. (New York, 1889–1912; rep. 1970). William Z. Shetter, The Pillars of Society: Six Centuries of Civilization in the Netherlands (The Hague, 1971), is a useful cultural history.

Dutch immigration in general is covered in Baren Peter Hofstede, Thwarted Exodus: Post-War Overseas Migration from the Netherlands (‘S-Gravenhage, Netherlands, 1964), and William Petersen, Planned Migration: The Social Determinants of the Dutch-Canadian Movement (Berkeley, Calif., 1955).

Herman Ganzevoort, A Bittersweet Land: The Dutch in Canada, 1890–1980 (Toronto, 1988), is a general history of the Dutch in Canada, while the same author’s “Dutch Immigration to Canada, 1892–1940” (Ph.D. thesis, University of Toronto, 1975) is a detailed examination of Dutch immigration to Canada for the period 1890–1940. Albert Vander Mey, To All our Children: The Story of Postwar Dutch Immigration to Canada (Jordan Station, Ont., 1983), is a photographic and personal account of the post–World War II period.

Examinations of settlement and integration of the Dutch in Canadian society include J.A. Buurma, “The Adjustment Problems of the Netherlands Agricultural Immigrants in Canada,” Sociologicish Jaarboek (The Hague, 1950); A.A.C. Cavellars, “Integration of a Group of Dutch Settlers in British Columbia,” International Migration, vol.5, no.1 (1967), 38–45; Una Elliot, “Comparative Roles of People of Italian and Netherlandish Origin in the Creation of a Homogenous Population in the City of London” (M.A. thesis, University of Western Ontario, 1964); Edith M. Ginn, “Rural Dutch Immigrants in the Lower Fraser Valley” (M.A. thesis, University of British Columbia, 1967); J.H. Lowensteyn, “A Social History of the Dutch in Quebec,” (M.A. thesis, Concordia University, 1986). On language-retention among the Dutch in Canada, see K.E. O’Bryan, J.G. Reitz, O. Kuplowska, Non-Official Languages: A Study in Canadian Multiculturalism (Ottawa, 1975).

A number of local histories are useful for their details about individual Dutch settlements in Canada, including Tymen Hofman, The Strength of Their Years: The Story of a Pioneer Community (St Catharines, Ont., 1983), which describes a settlement in southern Alberta. Hugh Cook, Cracked Wheat (Oakville, Ont., 1985), is a literary reminiscence of life in a Dutch-Canadian community after World War II, while Herman Ganzevoort, ed., A Dutch Homesteader on the Prairies (Toronto, 1973), reproduces letters home to Holland from an early immigrant to Canada. G.H. Geritts, They Farmed Well (Kentville, N.S., 1996), is a detailed study of Dutch immigration and settlement in Nova Scotia.

Archival materials, including newspaper collections relating to Dutch immigration to, and settlement in, Canada, are available in the collections of the Multicultural History Society of Ontario, Toronto, and the Glenbow Archives, Calgary, Alberta. Similar materials relating to the Dutch in Canada and the United States can be found in the Heritage Hall Colonial Origins Collection at Calvin College and Seminary, Grand Rapids, Mich., and the Beardslee Library of Western Theological Seminary and Hope College, Holland, Michigan.