Further Reading

From: The Encyclopedia of Canada's Peoples/Ecuadoreans/Lynne Phillips

There are a number of good English-language sources for historical information on Ecuador. John Phelan’s The Kingdom of Quito in the Seventeenth Century (Madison, Wisc., 1967) documents early Spanish settlement, and Osvaldo Hurtado’s Political Power in Ecuador (Albuquerque, N.Mex., 1980) has become a classic on the history of political changes in Ecuador after independence. Luzuriaga and Zuvekas, Income Distribution and Poverty in Rural Ecuador (Tempe, Ariz., 1983), is a quantitative study of the serious problems of stratification in the countryside. Norman Whitten, ed., Cultural Transformations and Ethnicity in Modern Ecuador (Urbana, Ill., 1981) covers a number of issues concerning the mestizo, Indian, and black populations in the country. Blanca Muratorio’s The Life and Times of Grandfather Alonso: Culture and History in the Upper Amazon (New Brunswick, N.J., 1991) provides a fascinating glimpse into oriente life.

Little has been written specifically on Ecuadoreans in Canada. Some information can be gleaned from studies on Latin Americans, such as Grace Anderson’s Spanish-speaking Immigrants in Selected Canadian Cities (Burnaby, B.C., 1977) and Fernando Mata’s Immigrants from the Hispanic World in Canada: Demographic Profiles and Social Adaptation (Toronto, 1988). Rene Rodas, Children of a Postponed Dream: The Latin American Community in Ontario (Toronto, 1993), is a qualitative study of the changing lives of Latin Americans in Ontario.

Some evidence of the discrimination faced by Latin Americans in Canada can be found in John Berry and Jean Laponce, eds., Ethnicity and Culture in Canada (Toronto, 1994) and the Hispanic Social Development Council’s Socio-Economic Profile: Needs and Gaps of the Hispanic Community in Metropolitan Toronto (Toronto, 1983).

Sources with specific entries on Ecuador include The Canadian Family Tree (Ottawa, 1979) and Ontario Ethnocultural Profiles (Toronto, 1981). Jorge Romero documents Ecuador’s soccer club in “History of LEFA” in Polyphony: The Bulletin of the Multicultural History Society of Ontario, vol.7 (Toronto, 1985), 29–30. For further information on the Latin American population in the Toronto area, one might consult a study done by a group called Spanish-speaking Peoples in Weston and entitled Latin Americans in North York: An Exploratory Study Submitted to the Latin American Community Centre (North York, Ont., 1980).