Resources

Further Reading

From: The Encyclopedia of Canada's Peoples/Haitians/Daniel Gay

A number of works, written from different ideological perspectives, provide valuable insights into the social, economic, and political situation in Haiti and the complex interplay of forces that lead to increased emigration: Joachim Benoît, Les racines du sous-développement en Haïti (Port-au-Prince, 1979); Édouard Francisque, La structure économique et sociale d’Haïti (Port-au-Prince, 1986); Laënnec Hurbon, Comprendre Haïti (Paris, 1987); and Culture et dictature en Haïti: l’imaginaire sous contrôle (Paris, 1979); Claude Moïse, Constitution et luttes de pouvoir en Haïti (Quebec City, 1988); and Garry Hector and Hérard Jadotte, eds., Haiti et l’après – Duvalier: continuités et ruptures, 2 vols. (Montreal, 1991).

On migration, and especially on the effect of preexisting constraints on immigrants’ itineraries, there are two excellent studies: Micheline Labelle, Serge Larose, and Victor Piché, “Émigration et immigration: les Haïtiens au Québec,” Sociologie et sociétés, vol. 15, no. 2 (1983) 73–88; and Micheline Labelle et al., Histoire d’immigrés: itinéraire d’ouvrières colombiennes, grecques, haïtiennes et portugaises de Montréal (Montreal, 1987).

There is extensive documentation on Haitians in Quebec, especially for the period 1974–93. It is dispersed, however, among master’s theses and doctoral dissertations (see the list published in February 1991 by Quebec’s Department of Cultural Communities and Immigration, Mémoires de maîtrise et thèses de doctorat universitaires de 1980 à 1990 traitant des communautés culturelles du Québec: liste par communauté culturelle), and in daily newspapers (Le Devoir, Le Soleil, La Presse, Le Journal de Québec, Montreal Star), magazines (L’Actualité, Relations, Québec français, Voir, and others), and scholarly journals (Revue des sciences de l’éducation, L’Actualité médicale, Sociologie et sociétés, Cahiers québécois de démographie, Anthropologie et sociétés, Revue internationale d’action communautaire, Le Gérontophile, and others).

In the last few decades, there have been only two studies that cover some general themes, each in its own way. On origins and culture, see Jacqueline Jean-Baptiste, Ayisyin nan Kanada (Les Haïtiens au Canada) (Ottawa, 1971); on origins, immigration, and problems of reception and integration, see Paul Déjean, Les Haïtiens au Québec (Montreal, 1978).