Further Reading

From: The Encyclopedia of Canada's Peoples/Hawaiians/

On the history and peoples of Hawaii, see Irving Goldman, Ancient Polynesian Society (Chicago, 1970); Eleanor C. Nordyke, The Peopling of Hawaii (Honolulu, 1977); and Gavan Daws, Shoal of Time: A History of the Hawaiian Islands (Honolulu, 1968).

Specifically on the fur trade, see Alexander Spoehr, “Fur Traders in Hawaii: The Hudson’s Bay Company in Honolulu, 1829–1861,” Hawaiian Journal of History, vol.20 (1986), 27–66, and two works by Janice K. Duncan, Minority Without a Champion: Kanakas on the Pacific Coast, 1788–1850 (Portland, Ore., 1972) and “Kanaka World Travelers and Fur Company Employees, 1785–1860,” Hawaiian Journal of History, vol.7 (1973), 93–111.

Materials on the Hawaiians in British Columbia are limited. M. Melia Lane, “The Migration of Hawaiians to Coastal British Columbia, 1810 to 1869” (M.A. thesis, University of Hawaii, 1985), is factually unreliable. Bea Hamilton, Saltspring Island (Vancouver, 1969), 77–86, includes stories told by original Hawaiians on Saltspring to the author’s father. For biographies and similar accounts of individual Hawaiians, see Jean Barman, “William Naukana,” Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol.13 (Toronto, 1994), 761–62; David Kittelson, “John Cox: Hawaii’s First Soldier of Fortune,” Hawaii Historical Review (1965), 194–98; Yvonne Mearns Klan, “Kanaka William,” Beaver, vol.6 (1972), 38–43; W.J. Illerbrun, “‘Kanaka Pete,’” Hawaiian Journal of History, vol.6 (1972), 156–66; and Margaret Nicholls, “Kamano – A Kanaka,” B.C. Historical News, vol.24, no.3 (1991), 12–15. See also Jean Barmen. “Whatever Happened to the Konakas?” The Beaver, vol.77, no. 6 (1997–98), 12–19, and “New Land, New Lives: Hawaiian Settlement in British Columbia,” Hawaiian Journal of History, vol.29 (1996), 1–32.