Further Reading

From: The Encyclopedia of Canada's Peoples/Jews/Morton Weinfeld

Useful histories of the Jewish people include Howard Morley Sachar, Diaspora: An Inquiry into the Changing Jewish World (New York, 1985); Abraham Leon Sachar, A History of the Jews (New York, 1965); Robert Seltzer, Jewish People, Jewish Thought: The Jewish Experience in History (New York, 1980); and the challenging study by H.H. Ben Sasson, ed., A History of the Jewish People (Cambridge, Mass., 1976). For an overview of Jewish history and culture together, see Raphael Patai, The Jewish Mind (New York, 1977).

A brief but informative overview of the Jewish-Canadian experience, including a good collection of photographs, is provided by Irving Abella, A Coat of Many Colours (Toronto, 1990). The first general history of Canadian Jewry was written by the journalist B.G. Sack in Yiddish, published in 1948, and subsequently translated into English as History of the Jews in Canada (Montreal, 1965). Gerald Tulchinsky’s Taking Root: The Origins of the Canadian Jewish Community (Toronto, 1992) is an excellent social history covering the period from the first settlements to 1920, and Louis Rosenberg, Canada’s Jews: A Social and Economic of the Jews of Canada (Montreal, 1939; repr. 1993), is a detailed socio-demographic study of Canadian Jewish life in the 1930s. Additionally, Joseph Kage, With Faith and Thanksgiving (Montreal, 1962), is a pioneering review of Jewish immigration to Canada.

There are a number of studies on Jews in different regions of Canada, including Michael Brown, Jew or juif? Jews, French-Canadians, and Anglo-Canadians, 1759–1914 (Philadelphia, 1987), which is a history of Jews in Quebec, and Pierre Anctil, ed., Juifs et realités juifs au Quebec (Québec City, 1984). Two recent works on Montreal: Ira Robinson, Pierre Anctil, and Mervin Butovsky, eds., An Everyday Miracle: Yiddish Culture in Montreal (Montreal, 1990); and Ira Robinson and Mervin Butovsky, eds., Renewing Our Days: Montreal Jews in the Twentieth Century (Montreal, 1995). The development of the communal and organizational structure of the Jews of Toronto is recounted in Stephen Speisman, The Jews of Toronto: A History to 1937 (Toronto, 1979). Other useful regional studies are Arthur Chiel, The Jews in Manitoba (Toronto, 1961); Cyril Leonoff, Pioneers, Pedlars and Prayer Shawls (Victoria, 1978), a study focusing on British Columbia; and Sheva Medjuck, Jews of Atlantic Canada (Saint John, N.B., 1986).

Anti-Semitism in Canada has been studied both generally and through specific cases. It is reviewed from a variety of perspectives from the colonial period to the present in Alan Davis, ed., Anti-Semitism in Canada: History and Interpretation (Waterloo, Ont., 1992), while Lisa Rose Betcherman, The Swastika and the Maple Leaf (Toronto, 1975), is a detailed review of the development of fascist anti-Semitism during the 1930s. A number of studies focus on specific cases of anti-Semitism, public policy, and intergroup relations, including Irving Abella and Harold Troper, None Is Too Many (Toronto, 1982); Harold Troper and Morton Weinfeld, Old Wounds: Jews, Ukrainians, and the Hunt for Nazi War Criminals in Canada (Toronto, 1988); and Cyrill Levitt and William Shaffir, The Riot at Christie Pits (Toronto, 1987).

Various aspects of contemporary Jewish life in Canada are analysed in Robert Brym, William Shaffir, and Morton Weinfeld, eds., The Jews in Canada (Toronto, 1993), a collection of scholarly articles. An earlier collection of similar research is Morton Weinfeld, William Shaffir, and Irwin Cotler, eds., The Canadian Jewish Mosaic (Rexdale, Ont., 1981), while Evelyn Kallen, Spanning the Generations (Toronto, 1973), is a study of Jewish-Canadian identity. A collection of essays as well as biographical information on individual Jews in Canada is Edmond Y. Lipsitz, ed., Canadian Jewry Today: Who’s Who in Canadian Jewry (Toronto, 1989), and Daniel Elazar and Harold Waller, Maintaining Consensus: The Canadian-Jewish Polity in the Post-War World (Lanham, Md., 1990), is a descriptive analysis of the structure of the Jewish-Canadian polity.

Bibliographies dealing with Jews in Canada include David Rome, Judith Nefsky, and Paule Obermeir, Les Juifs du Quebéc: bibliographie retrospective annotée (Montreal, 1981); Susan Vadnay, A Selected Bibliography of Research on Canadian Jewry, 1900–1980, mimeo (Ottawa, 1991); and Stuart Schoenfeld and Dwight Daigneault, Contemporary Jewish Life in Canada: A Bibliography (Toronto, 1992).