Further Reading

From: The Encyclopedia of Canada's Peoples/Mormons/Brigham Y. Card

Basic resources on Mormons are: Daniel Ludlow, ed., The Encyclopedia of Mormonism: The History, Scripture, Doctrine and Procedure of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 4 vols. (New York, 1992); and Deseret News 1995–96 Church Almanac (Salt Lake City, Utah).

A multidisciplinary work with an ethno-religious approach to Canada’s Mormons is Brigham Y. Card, Herbert C. Northcott, John E. Foster, Howard Palmer, and George Jarvis, eds., The Mormon Presence in Canada (Edmonton, 1990). A detailed account of Mormon Church personnel, units and activities in Canada for the period 1832–1967 is Lethbridge Stake Historical Committee and Melvin S. Tagg, A History of the Mormon Church in Canada (Lethbridge, Alta., 1968). Mormons in pre-Confederation Canada are described by Gordon Douglas Pollock in Northern Voices: A Folk History of Mormonism among British Americans 1830–1867 (Halifax, N.S., 1995).

Southern Alberta Mormons are the most studied of any in Canada. A basic primary historical source is Donald G. Godfrey and Brigham Y. Card, eds., The Diaries of Charles Ora Card: The Canadian Years 1886–1903 (Salt Lake City, 1993). V.A. Wood’s Alberta Temple: Centre and Symbol of Faith (Calgary, 1989) deals with the history, administration, and influence of the Temple.

Other writings on southern Alberta Mormons have appeared predominantly as articles or as portions of books, local histories, and biographies. Lowry Nelson, “The Mormons,” in C.A. Dawson’s Group Settlement: Ethnic Communities in Western Canada, (Toronto, 1936), is a study in which Mormons are considered as an ethnic group and in which the author introduced the concept of the Mormon pioneer village, developed further in his later monograph, The Mormon Village: A Pattern and Technique of Land Settlement (Salt Lake City, 1952). Howard Palmer, Land of the Second Chance: A History of Ethnic Groups in Southern Alberta (Lethbridge, Alta., 1972), 137–65, also presents the Mormons as an ethnic group.

Other writings on Southern Alberta Mormons include L.A. Rosenvall, “The Transfer of Mormon Culture to Alberta,” American Review of Canadian Studies, vol.12, no.2 (1982), 51–63; John C. Lehr, “Ethnicity, Institutions, and the Cultural Landscapes of the Canadian Prairie West,” Canadian Ethnic Studies, vol.26, no.2 (1994), 70– 87; idem., “Polygamy, Patrimony and Prophecy,” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought, vol.21 (1988), 114–21; and Brigham Y. Card, “The Canadian Mormon Settlements, 1886–1925: A North-American Perspective, Canadian Ethnic Studies, vol.26, no.1 (1994), 19–39. These articles reflect geographical, historical, and multidisciplinary perspectives.

Comprehensive local histories combining topical articles with family biographies are valuable resources for a number of Alberta communities with long-term Mormon residents, especially for the four major pioneer settlements. See Cardston and District Historical Association, Chief Mountain Country: A History of Cardston and District, 2 vols. (Cardston, Alta., 1978–87); Magrath and District Historical Association, Irrigation Builders (Magrath, Alta., 1974); Raymond Roundup: Raymond 1901–1967 (Raymond, Alta., 1967), and Raymond Remembered: Settlers, Sugar and Stampedes (Raymond, Alta., 1993); and Stirling: Its Story and People (Raymond, Alta., 1981).

Biographies and family histories are also useful for the study of Mormon-Canadian life. Among these are Olive Wood Nielson, comp., A Treasury of Edward J. Wood (Salt Lake City, 1983); E. Dale LeBaron, ed., Glen G. Fisher: A Man to Match the Mountains (Edmonton, 1992); Maxine Pilling Rodgers, Richard Pilling: A Family Heritage (Red Deer, Alta., 1980); Verona H. Merkley et al. comps., Harker Heritage: Levi and Martha (Lethbridge, Alta., 1994).

Robert J. McCue, “‘The Restoration’ in British Columbia: The LDS and RLDS Churches on Canada’s West Coast,” Dialogue, vol.22, no.1 (1989), 142–51, and idem., “The Mormons in British Columbia,” in Charles P. Anderson et al. eds., Circle of Voices: A History of the Religious Communities of British Columbia (Lanzville, B.C., 1983), 136–48, are useful for Mormons in British Columbia. McCue also writes about a controversial Mormon convert from British Columbia in “Anthony Maitland Stenhouse, 1849–1927: The Bachelor Polygamist,” Dialogue, vol.23, no.1 (1990), 108–25, and he examines the Mormon record on Vancouver Island in “The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and Vancouver Island: The Establishment and Growth of the Mormon Community,” BC Studies, vol.42 (1992), 51–64. The other major regional work is Gordon D. Pollock, Roads to Zion: From the Maritimes to the Mountains of the West (Halifax, 1993).

Works on Mormons in French have not appeared in Canada, apart from Dean Louder, “Canadian Mormon Identity and the French Fact,” in The Mormon Presence in Canada (Edmonton, 1990). Darrell E. Kennedy, “Records of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints,” Families, vol.29, no.4 (1989), 207–14, lists historical and contemporary RLDS branches in Ontario.

The sole film resource for Mormons in Canada is Takin’ Care (Toronto, c. 1976–77), copies of which are in the Archival Division, Church Historical Department, Salt Lake City. Archival resources on Canada’s Mormons are found in the Archives Division of the Church History Department, Church Office Building, Salt Lake City; the Archives of the Glenbow Museum in Calgary (the most extensive collection in Alberta); and the University of Alberta. Other collections are those of the Provincial Archives of Alberta, Edmonton; the Sir Alexander Galt Museum and Archives, Lethbridge; the Archives of Ontario, Toronto; the Metropolitan Toronto Reference Library; and the National Archives of Canada, Ottawa. Brigham Young University Special Collections, H.B. Lee Library, has important original and other documents and student theses relating to Canada’s Mormons. Valuable local archival collections are those of the Cardston and District Historical Society and the Raymond Historical Society. RLDS Church Archives in Independence, Missouri, is the major resource for the RLDS in Canada.