Further Reading

From: The Encyclopedia of Canada's Peoples/Turks/Virginia H. Aksan

A number of useful works on the history of modern Turkey can be recommended, including Roderic Davison, Turkey (London, 1990); two volumes by Geoffrey Lewis, Turkey (London, 1955) and his Modern Turkey (London, 1974); and Bernard Lewis, The Emergence of Modern Turkey (London, 1961). For Atatürk, see Patrick Kinross, Atatürk: A Biography of Mustafa Kemal (New York, 1965). On women in Turkey, see Nermin Abadan-Unat, ed., Women in Turkish Society (Leiden, Netherlands, 1981); and for histories of the Ottoman Empire, see Andrew Wheatcroft, The Ottomans (London, 1993), Stanford Shaw, History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey: Empire of the Gazis, vol.1 (Cambridge, U.K., 1976); Stanford Shaw and Ezel Kural Shaw, History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey: Reform, Revolution and Republic, vol.2 (Cambridge, U.K., 1977), and Alan Palmer, Decline and Fall of the Ottoman Empire (New York, 1992).

While a number of sociological studies have been written concerning the significant presence of Turks in Germany (close to two million), there is no equivalent literature on the much smaller community in North America, except the article by Talat S. Halman in Stephen Thernstrom, ed., Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups (Cambridge, Mass., 1980), 992–96, and another on Toronto’s Turks by E. Yilmazkaya, “Research Report for the Multicultural History Society on the Toronto Turkish Community,” Polyphony: The Bulletin of the Multicultural History Society of Ontario, vol.6, no.1 (1984), 181–84.

There is a considerable amount of primary material on Turks in Ontario gathered by the Multicultural History Society of Ontario and described in “Turkish Collection,” in A Guide to the Collections of the Multicultural History Society of Ontario, compiled by Nick Forte and edited by Gabriele Scardellato (Toronto, 1992), 539–46.